Hispania: The name given to the Iberian Peninsula by the Roman Empire in 210 BC.

In the 8th Century, North African Muslims, called Moors, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Morocco to Southern Hispania and formed the great Andalucian civilization (Al-Andaluz), creating a renaissance of art, literature, mathematics and architecture. Al-Andaluz was Muslim and Arabic speaking.

By the 15th Century, after years of conflict with the surrounding Christian Kingdoms, the Moorish Empire had been reduced to the Kingdom of Granada.

It was during this period that tales of a young heroine appeared in the oral histories of the peoples of Al-Andaluz and North Africa.